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Film capacitor structure and basic characteristics of film capacitor

Views:5     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2021-11-24      Origin:Site

Speaking of capacitors, everyone should know a little bit. You should have learned the knowledge of capacitors in the study, but do you know film capacitors? What kind of structure and characteristics do film capacitors have? If you don't know, but you are interested, please come and learn about it with the editor.

Introduction to Film Capacitors

Due to the different capacitor dielectrics, the types of capacitors are also different, and there are many types of them. For example: paper capacitors, electrolytic capacitors, film capacitors, air capacitors and so on. There are many applications of film capacitors in audio equipment. Film capacitors are widely used in the cross-connection of analog signals.

Film capacitor structure

The electrode of the film capacitor is made of metal foil. After overlapping it with plastics such as polyethylene, polystyrene, polypropylene, etc., they are rolled into a cylindrical shape to form a capacitor. In this way, film capacitors can be divided into polyethylene capacitors, polystyrene capacitors, polypropylene capacitors and polycarbonate capacitors according to the types of plastic films.

Basic characteristics of film capacitors

The film capacitor can be said to be a relatively good capacitor, because many of its characteristics are very good, and it will be very satisfactory in use. Its characteristics are: it has good insulation resistance; its dielectric loss is very small; and its frequency range is very wide. It is precisely because of these advantages that film capacitors are widely used in analog circuits.

The structure of film capacitors and paper capacitors can be said to be exactly the same, polyester or polystyrene is its medium. The dielectric loss of polystyrene capacitors is very small and has high insulation resistance, but it has a large temperature coefficient and can be used in high-frequency circuits. Polyester film capacitors are small in size, relatively large in capacity, and have good stability, making them more suitable for bypass capacitors.

The DC working voltage of the film capacitor is 63-500V, and the capacity range is 3pF-0.1μF, suitable for high frequency and low frequency.

After the introduction of the editor, everyone has a better understanding of film capacitors. Film capacitors have many excellent characteristics, which makes its application range wider. You can pay more attention to it in your life and see where its applications are. Of course, the editor here only introduces part of the relevant knowledge. If you are interested, you can find more information to further understand film capacitors.


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